You can take the initiative to prevent communicable diseases by stopping germs where you live, work or play. Whenever possible, the best idea is simply to stay home, away from others.
How Germs Spread: One way that illnesses like colds and flu are spread is from person to person in respiratory droplets of coughs and sneezes. This is called "droplet spread."
This can happen when droplets from a cough or sneeze of an infected person move through the air and are deposited on the mouth or nose of people nearby. Sometimes germs also can be spread when a person touches respiratory droplets from another person on a surface like a desk and then touches his or her own eyes, mouth or nose before washing their hands. We know that some viruses and bacteria can live 2 hours or longer on surfaces like cafeteria tables, doorknobs, and desks.
In a nutshell: take care to
- Cover your mouth and nose
- Wash your hands often
- Teach your children to practice healthy habits, too.