Fair Housing

Fair Housing

What is Fair Housing?

The set of federal, state, and local civil rights laws that protect individuals based on their membership in a protected class from individual or systemic discrimination in housing transactions.


Who is Protected?

Federal Protected Classes

Oregon’s Additional State Protected Classes

 

Race

Marital Status

Color

Source of income (Section 8/Housing Choice Vouchers)

National Origin

Sexual Orientation

Religion

Gender Identity

Gender

Local Ordinances

Familial Status (families with children under 18)

Domestic Violence Survivors protected under Oregon landlord tenant law

Disability

 


Types of Discrimination

  • Disparate Treatment: People are treated differently in similar situations based on one of the protected classes.
    • Example: A property management company does not consider rental applications from people of racial minority groups (intentional discrimination based on race).
  • Disparate Impact (Hud Rule Definition): A practice that actually or predictably results in a disparate impact on a group of persons or creates, increases, reinforces, or perpetuates segregated housing patterns because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin.
    • Example: A property management company will only consider full-time employment in calculating the income of prospective tenants. This results in disparate impact on people who receive disability payments (discrimination based on disability).